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Лексический материал……………………….………………………

       Тема  Великобритания…………………….…………………….…

       Тема  Лондон………………….………...………………………….

Грамматический материал…………………………………………..

Длительные времена………………………………………………..

Грамматические задания…………………………………………...

      Страдательный залог……………………………………………….

Грамматические задания…………………………………………….

Методические указания по изучению курса

«Английский язык»…………………………………………………...

Контрольная работа№ 5……………………………………………...

     Вариант 1………………….…………………………………………

     Вариант 2…………………………………………………………….

     Вариант 3…………………………………………………………….

     Вариант 4…………………………………………………………….

     Вариант 5……………………….……………………………………

Контрольная работа№ 6…….………………………………………..

     Вариант 1………………………….…………………………………

     Вариант 2…………………………….………………………………

     Вариант 3……………………………….……………………………

     Вариант 4………………………………….…………………………

     Вариант 5…………………………………….………………………

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58

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Лексический материал

Тема 1

Великобритания

Тематическая лексика:

to be situated

to consist

total area

respectively

to separate

to wash

surface

to vary

to comprise

plain

highland (upland)

lowland

to influence

climate

mild

the whole year round

population

urban

highly developed

producer

exporter

machinery

textile

navigation

equipment

constitutional monarchy

in law

in practice

to reign

to rule

to elect

government

prime-ministеr

parliament

chamber

 

быть  расположенным

состоять  из

общая  площадь

соответственно

разделять

омывать

поверхность

менять(ся), разнообразить

охватывать

равнина

возвышенность

низменность

влиять

климат

мягкий,  умеренный

круглый  год

население

городской

высокоразвитый

производитель

экспортер

машинное  оборудование

текстиль

судоходство

оборудование

конституционная  монархия

по  закону

фактически

царствовать

править

выбирать

правительство

премьер-министр

парламент

палата

 

ГЕОГРАФИЧЕСКИЕ НАЗВАНИЯ

 

the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

the British Isles

Edinburgh

Cardiff

Belfast

London

the North Sea

the English Channel

the Irish Sea

the Atlantic Ocean

the Severn

the Thames

Gulf Stream

The House of Lords

The House of Commons

The Labour

The Conservative

The Liberal party

The Social-Democratic party

 

Соединенное Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии

Британские острова

Эдинбург

Кардифф

Белфаст

Лондон

Северное море

Английский канал. Ла-Манш

Ирландское море

Атлантический океан

Северн

Темза

Гольфстрим

палата лордов

палата общин

Лейбористская

Консервативная

Либеральная партия

Социал-демократическая партия

 

 

 

Теxt 1.  Прочитайте и переведите текст.

 

Great Britain

 

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometres.

The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff Edinburgh and Belfast respectively.

The British Isles are separated from the European continent by North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

The surface of the British Isles varies very much.

Britain can be divided into two main regions - Highland and Lowland Britain. Highland Britain comprises the whole of Scotland, the Lake District, in the north-west of England, the broad central upland plain - the Pennines, almost the whole of Wales. Lowland Britain consists of a rich plain and rising to chalk hills.

Mountains are not very high. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain (1,343 m).

There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river (220 m), while the Thames (210 m.)is the deepest and the most important one. The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round.

The UK ranks about fourteenth in the world in terms of population. About 80% of the population (57 mln) is urban.

The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world’s producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, navigation equipment.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two Chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

There are 4 main political parties: the Labour, the Conservative, the Liberal, the Social-Democratic parties. The Labour party is the ruling party nowadays.

 

Ex.1 Ответьте на вопросы.

 

1. The UK is an island state, isn’t it? Where is it situated?

2. What countries is the UK made up of? What are their capitals?

3. What channel separates the British Isles from the European continent?

4. What are two main regions in Great Britain?

5. Are the rivers deep and long in Britain?

6. What is the longest river?

7. What is the highest point in Britain?

8. Why is the climate of the British Isles mild?

9. What is the UK’s population?

10. What does the UK produce and export?

11. The UK is a constitutional monarchy. What does it mean?

12. What are the main political parties?

13. What party is the ruling party nowadays?

 

Ex.2 Переведите диалог.

 

Natasha:               What’s that, Jane?

Jane: That’s big column with a statue on top of it. It’s a memorial to Admiral  Nelson.

 N.: Oh, I see. It’s very impressive. Look at the fountains, aren’t they lovely? And what are those birds, all over the square, Jane?

J.: They are pigeons. They’re one of the sights of London.

N.: Now, what’s that long building in front of us?

J.: That’s the National Gallery. It’s got our best collection of international pictures in it.

N.: Let’s go and see it, Jane.

J.: All right, let’s. The Gallery is open now.

 

Ex.3 Прочитайте, перевидите диолог, задайте к нему 5 вопросов.

 

Pavlov: Oh, it’s No. 10. Downing Street. I often come across this address while reading newspapers.

Brown: That’s right. This is where the Prime Minister of Britain lives.

P.: I see. And where’s the residence of the Queen?

B.: The London residence of the British monarch is Buckingham Palace. When the Queen is in the residence the Royal Standart is flown at the mast-head.

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex.2

 Наташа: Что это, Джейн?

Джейн: Эта большая колонна со статуей наверху - мемориал адмиралу           Нельсону.

Наташа: Понятно. Это интересно. Посмотри на эти фонтаны. Не правда ли они довольно симпатичные? А что это за птицы на площади, Джейн?

Джейн: Это голуби. Они одна из достопримечательностей Лондона.

Наташа: А что это за длинное здание перед нами?

Джейн: Это Национальная галерея. Прекрасная коллекция интересных картин собранна в ней.

Наташа: Пойдем сходим туда, Джейн.

Джейн: Отлично, пойдем. Галерея сейчас как раз открыта.

 

Text 2. Прочитайте и переведите текст с помощью словаря.

 

The History of Britain

 

                Two thousand years ago the Celts, two had been arriving Europe, mixed with the peoples who were already in Britain Isles. The Roman province of Britannia covered most of the territory of present-day England and Wales. The Romans imposed their own way of living, culture, and language. But inspite of their long occupation of Britain, there isn’t much they left behind. Even most of temples, roads and cities were later destroyed. But such place-names like Chester, Lancaster, Gloucester remind us of the Romans.

                The Romans influenced mainly the towns. In the country (where most people lived) Celtic speech dominated. The farming methods remained there unchanged. We can’t speak about Roman’s occupation as a large-scale settlement.

                Later (during the 5th century) two tribes (the Angles and the Saxons) settled in Britain. They settled on a very vast territory. Only in the west of the country King Arthur and his army halted the tribes. But in the 6th century the way of life of these tribes predominated in England. The Celtic Britons’ culture and language survived in South-West Scotland, Wales and Cornwall.

                If the Romans had great influence on towns, the Anglo-Saxons influenced the countryside. There new methods of farming were introduced and a number of villages were founded.

The Anglo-Saxons were pagans, when they arrived in Britain. Christianity came from Rome in 597.

In the 8th century Britain was invaded by the Vikings, who came from Scandinavia. They settled in the North and West of Scotland and in some regions of Ireland. Later they were defeated by King Alfred.

Normans invaded Britain in the 11th century (1066). But this invasion wasn’t a large-scale one. Still this invasion influenced the life of Britain greatly.

At that time a feudal system was imposed. Lords and barons were French-speaking Normans. The peasant were the English-speaking Saxons.

Barons were responsible to the king, lords-to a baron. Under them were peasants. That was the beginning of the English class system. The Anglo-Norman kingdom was the most powerful political force at that time.

In this period the Germanic language (Middle English) dominated in England. As Northern and Central Wales was never settled by Saxons and Normans, the Welsh language and culture dominated there.

In the 13th century Parliament included elected representatives from urban and rural areas.

During the 16th century the power of the English monarch increased. The Tudor dynasty (1485-1603) established a system of government which strongly depended on the monarch. Parliament was split into two Houses. The House of Lords consisted of the aristocracy and the leaders of the Church. The House of Commons consisted of representatives from the towns.

During the 17th century Parliament established its supremacy over the monarchy in Britain. The conflict between the monarchy and Parliament led to the Civil Wars, which ended with the victory of Parliament. The leader of the parliamentary army was Oliver Cromwell. But after his death his system of government became unpopular. The son of the executed king was asked to take the throne.

In the 18th century the Scottish Parliament joined with the English and the Welsh Parliaments.

In that century the increased trade led to the Industrial Revolution. People from rural areas moved to towns. The population of London was close to a million at that time.

In the 19th century Britain controlled the biggest Empire in the world. The Empire was made up of Ireland, Canada, Australia, India and large parts of Africa. These countries had internal self-government, but recognized the authority of the British government. Britain was the greatest economic power. The British spread their culture and civilization around the world.

The beginning of the 20th century can’t be called stable. Women struggled for their rights. The situation in Ulster wasn’t stable. At the beginning of this century the working class became stronger. In Parliament, the Labour party replaced the Liberals. Trade unions organized themselves. Until 1980s the Trades Union Congress was the most powerful political force outside the institutions of government.

 

Ex.1 Ответьте письменно на вопросы.

 

1. What reminds people of the Romans?

2. How did the Anglo-Saxons effect the countryside?

3. Who invaded Britain in the 8th century?

4. When was a feudal system imposed?

5. When was Parliament split into two Houses?

6. Who was the leader of the parliamentary army in the Civil Wars?

7. In what century was the Britain the greatest economic power?

 

Ex.2 Переведите следующие слова и выражения.

 

1. a large-scale settlement

2. to halt the tribes

3. pagan

4. to be responsible to the king

5. internal self-government

 

Ex.3 Заполните пропуски.

1. The Roman province of Britannia covered the territory of present-day… and ... .

2. During the 5th century the tribes of … settled in Britain.

3. In the ... century Britain was invaded by the Vikings.

4. Lords were responsible to … .

5. The ... dynasty established a system of government, which depended on the … .

6. The conflict between the monarchy and Parliament led to … .

7. In the ... century the increased trade led to… .

8. The beginning of the 20th century can’t be called … .

9. The British empire was made up of … .

10. The ... party replaced the Liberals.

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex.3

1. England and Wales; 2. The Angles and Saxons; 3. 8th century; 4. a baron;          5. the Tudor; the monarch; 6. the Civil War; 7. 18th century; the Industrial Revolution; 8. stable; 9. Ireland; Canada; Australia; India and large parts of Africa; 10. the Labour party.

 

 

 

Text 3. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите текст.

 

Traditions and Customs

         

                Every nation and every country has its own traditions. In Britain traditions play a more important part in the life of the people than in other countries.

                The English are very proud of their traditions and carefully keep them. When you come to England you’re struck at once by quite a number of customs. Some ceremonies are rather formal, such as the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace, Trooping the Colour, the State opening of Parliament, the Ceremony of the Keys. Sometimes you will see a group of cavalrymen riding on black horses through the streets of London. They wear red uniforms, shining helmets, long black boots and long white gloves. These men are Life Guards. Their special duty is to guard the King or the Queen of Great Britain, and very important guests of the country.

                One of the most impressive and popular displays of royal pageantry is the Changing of the Guard, which takes place at Buckingham Palace every day including Sunday at 11.30. The troops who take part are selected from the five regiments of Foot Guards. Their numbers depend on whether the Queen is in residence or not. The men of the duty guard march from either Wellington or Chelsea Barracks to Buckingham Palace with a band.

The guard to be relieved forms at the south end of the forecourt under the command of the Captain of the Queen’s Guard. The New Guard enters the forecourt by the north gate. As it approaches, the Old Guard is called to attention. The New Guard is then halted to be formed into files before it advances to position at a slow march. While this is taking place, the band plays. Later the band leads the Old Guard back to their barracks.

 

The Ceremony of the Keys

 

Every night at 9.53 the Chief Warder of the yeomen warders (Beefeaters) of the Tower of London lights a candle lantern and then makes his way towards the Bloody Tower. In the Archway his Escort awaits his arrival. The Chief Warder, carrying the keys, moves off with his Escort to the West Gate, which he locks, while the Escort “presents arms”. Then the Middle and Byward Towers are locked.

The party then returns to the Bloody Tower Archway, and there they are halted by the challenge of the sentry. “Halt”, he commands. “Who goes there?” The Chief Warder answers, “The keys”. The sentry demands, “Whose keys?” “Queen Elizabeth’s keys”, replies the Chief Warder. “Advance Queen Elizabeth’s keys, all’s well”, commands the sentry.

At 10 p. m. the Chief Warder proceeds to the Queen’s House, where the keys are given into the custody of the Resident Governor and Major.

The Ceremony of the Keys dates back 700 years and has taken place every night during that period. Only a limited number of visitors are admitted to the ceremony each night. Application to see it must be made at least forty-eight hours in advance at the Constable’s office in the Tower.

A new tradition has been born in Britain. Every year a large number of ancient motor cars drive from London to Brighton. Some of these cars look very funny. This run from London to Brighton is a colourful demonstration. People are dressed in the clothes of those times. It is not a race, and most of the cars come to Brighton (which is 60 miles from London) only in the evening.

 

Ex.1 Ответьте на вопросы.

 

1. What are the English so proud of?

2. What formal ceremonies do you know?

3. What is the route of the duty guard?

4. How often does the Ceremony of the Keys take place?

5. Are tourists admitted to the Ceremony of the Keys?

6. What new tradition has been born in Britain?

7. How far is Brighton from London?

 

Ex.2 Закончите предложения.

 

1. Great Britain has very many … .

2. Foreigners coming to England are struck by … .

3. The special duty of Life Guard is … .

4. The changing of the Guard takes place at ..., at ... o’clock.

5. The men of the duty guard march from ... to … .

6. The Ceremony of the Keys takes place at … .

7. The Ceremony of the Keys dates back … years.

 

Ex.3 Напишите антонимы к следующим словам.

 

1. ancient -

2. to be on duty -

3. to open -

4.to reply -

 

Ex.4 Переведите следующие слова и выражения.

 

1. to be greatly surprised

2. to go along the streets

3. to close the door

4. to answer

5. old (cars)

 

Ex.5 Соедините две части упражнения.

 

1. Every nation has …

2. The English are very proud …

3. Cavalrymen wear …

4. Their duty is to …

5. Changing of the Guard takes place …..

6. The number of the troops depend on …

7. The Chief Warder of the yeomen warders makes his way towards …

8. The sentry demands: …

9. The Chief Warder replies: … ...

10. Application to see the ceremony must be made …

11. A large number of ancient cars drive …

12. Some of them look …

 

a) of their traditions.

b) guard the Queen of Great Britain.

c) at Buckingham Palace.

d) the Bloody Tower.

e) red uniforms and shining helmets.

f)  its customs and traditions.

g) “Whose keys?”

h) at least forty-eight hours in advance.

i) “Queen Elizabeth’s keys”.

j) whether the Queen is in residence or not.

k) from London to Brighton.

l) funny.

 

Ex.6 Напишите рядом с предложением “Т”, если оно правильное, и “F”, если неправильное.

 

1. The Changing of the Guard takes place every Sunday at 11.30.

2. The men of the duty guard march from Buckingham Palace to the Tower of London.

3. Every night the Chief Warder of the yeomen warders makes his way towards the Bloody Tower.

4. At 10 p. m. the keys are given into the custody of the Resident Governor and Major.

5. The Ceremony of the Keys dates back 700 years.

6.Every year a large number of motor cars take part in a race London - Brighton.

 

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex.2

1. customs and traditions; 2. quite a number of customs; 3. to guard the King or the Queen of Great Britain and important guests of the country; 4. Buckingham Palace; 11.30 a.m.; 5. either Wellington or Chelsea Barracks to Buckingham Palace; 6. the Tower of London; 7. 700.

 

Ex.3

1. modern; 2. to be relieved; 3. to close; 4. to demand.

 

Ex.4

1. to be struck; 2. to march; 3. to lock; 4. to reply; 5. ancient.

 

Ex.5

1. f; 2. a; 3. e; 4. b; 5. C; 6. j; 7. d; 8. g; 9. 1; 10. h; 11. k; 12. 1.

 

Ex.6

1. F; 2. F; 3. T; 4. T; 5. F; 6. T.

 

 

 

 

Тема 2

Лондон

London

 

Text 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

London

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is about 8 million.

London is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world.

Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End.

The heart of London is the City. Numerous banks, officies are situated there. There are some famous buildings within the City. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the greatest of English churches. The Tower of London was used as a fortress, a royal palace and a prison. Now it is a museum.

Westminster is the historic, the governmental part of London. Westminster Abbey has more historic associations than any other building in Britain. Nearly all English Kings and Queens have been crowned here.

Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as “Big Ben”.

Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen.

The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. The best hotels, shops, clubs, theatres are situated there.

The East End is the poorest district of London. There are a lot of factories, docks here. The East End is densely populated by working class families.

 

Ex.1 Ответьте на вопросы к тексту.

 

1. What is the capital of Great Britain?

2. What is the population of London?

3. What parts is London divided into?

4. What is the centre of business life in London?

5. What famous buildings can you see in the City?

6. What is the governmental part of London?

7. What is Westminster Abbey famous for?

8. What is “Big Ben”?

9. What part of London is the richest (the poorest)?

Ex.2 Переведите слова и выражения:

 

Population, several, heart, numerous, within, St., church, tower, fortress, prison, part, other, nearly, crown, across, seat, hour, theatre, factory, queen, building, about.

 

Ex.3 Составьте  краткий пересказ текста (письменно).

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex.2

Население, несколько, сердце, многочисленный, связанные с … , святой, церковь, башня, крепость, тюрьма, часть, другой, почти, короновать, через, место, час, театр, завод, королева, здание, около.

 

 

Text 2. Прочитайте, переведите и перескажите текст.

 

The British Museum

 

The British Museum is the largest and richest of its kind in the world. This Museum comprises the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, and the National Library. It was built in the middle of the last century. The Museum is situated in London (in Bloomsbury district).

On one of the houses in Bloomsbury there is a plaque, which tells people that for nearly 50 years this was the home of Sir Hans Sloane, the benefactor of the British Museum.

Sir Hans Sloane was an Irishman. He arrived in London nearly 300 years ago with 800 species of plants collected in West India. His particular specialities were natural history specimens and books. All his long life Sir Hans Sloane remained a collector. In his will he offered his vast collection to the people of Britain. Later on the Government bought his collection. Two important libraries were added to the collection of natural history specimens and books.

At first, his collections were on view to the public in a large house not far from the present museum.

The present building was built in 1852.    

By law a copy of every book, periodical or newspaper published in Britain must be preserved in the British Museum. All printed matter is kept in a separate building in another part of London.

The British Museum is closely connected with the name of an Italian, Anthony Panizzi. Being a lawyer, he occupied the position of principal librarian at the British Museum. He also designed the plans for the construction of the famous circular Reading Room at the British Museum. Visitors to the Museum who want to enter the Reading Room, must have a ticket of admission. Only people over the age of 21, engaged in serious study and who can't obtain the books they require elsewhere, can use the Reading Room.

The Reading Room has an unusual shape. It is a perfect circle. The superintendent and his assistants sit in the centre of the room and issue and collect books. The catalogues are kept behind them. Any person who comes into the Reading Room is greatly impressed by the efficiency of the staff there. You just ask for a book and in a moment it is placed in front of you. Today there're millions of volumes in the library. Only a highly qualified specialist can cope with the work in this library.

The British Museum contains books and manuscripts: Greek, Roman, British and oriental antiquities. It has a department of ethnography. This collection is so vast that only a very small percentage is on show to the public. There is also a department of prints and drawings. There are departments devoted to maps, coins, medals and philately. Those who come to the British Museum can see a fascinating array of clocks and watches.

Every year the British Museum is visited by 2 million people.

 

Ex.1 Соедините две части упражнения.

 

1. The British Museum is situated in ...  

2. The Museum comprises ...                     

3. The benefactor of the Museum was ...    

4. Sir Hans Sloane offered his collection to ...

5. Anthony Panizzi .. .

6. The Reading Room has an unusual . . .

7. The superintendent ...

8. There is a fascinating array of ...

 

a)   Sir Hans Sloane.

b)   the British people.

c)   designed the plans for the construction of the Reading Room.

d)   shape.

e)   issues and collects books.

f)   clocks and watches.

g)   the National Museum of Architecture and Ethnography and the National Library.

h)   in London.

 

Ex.2 Закончите предложения.

 

1.  The Museum comprises  ...    .

2.  Sir Hans Sloane arrived in London   ... .

3.  All  his  life Sir Hans Sloane  remained a ...    .

4.  The present building was  constructed in ... .  

5.  The British Museum is connected with the name of  ...   .

6.  Only people over the age of . . . can use the Reading Room.

7.  The Reading Room has an unusual shape; it's  a   ...  .

8.  Every  year the British Museum  is visited by ... people.

 

Ех.3  Поставьте рядом с предложением  “T” , если  правильно и “F”, если неправильно

 

1. Sir Hans Sloane was an architect.

2. People over 21 years old may enter the Reading Room.

3. Visitors are greatly impressed by the efficiency of the staff.

4. By Law a copy of every book is preserved in the Parliament Library.

5. A. Panizzi was a lawyer.

6. Every year the British Museum is visited by 200,000 people.

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex. 1

1. h; 2. g; 3. a; 4. b; 5. c; 6. d; 7. e; 8. f.  

 

Ex. 2

1. the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography and the National Library; 2. 300 years ago; 3. a collector; 4. 1852; 5. Anthony Panizzi; 6. 21; 7. circle; 8. 2 million.

 

Ex. 3

1. F; 2. T; 3. T; 4. F; 5. T; 6. F.

 

Text 3. Прочитайте  и  переведите  текст.

 

The Museum of Transport

 

The Museum of British Transport is in London. It tells the story of public transport in Britain.

In 1829, an Irishman (Shillibeer by name) started the first bus-service in London. His bus was very different to those you can see in London today. It was drawn by three horses and looked like a carriage. The first double-decker bus was built in 1851. But the upper deck didn't have a roof until about 1936. When it was raining the passengers were given raincoats.

In 1885, the first buses, driven by a petrol engine were used in London. The speed of the first petrol engine bus was 12 miles per hour.

The first trains, like the first buses, were drawn by horses. But they were not passenger trains. They were used in mines and factories to carry materials from one place to another. The first steam train was used in an iron-works in South Wales. It was built by Richard Trevithick, in 1804.

The first passenger railway in England (and in the world) was the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. In 1829, the company offered a prize of 500 pounds for the best steam train. The prize was won by George Stephenson, with his famous train "The Rocket". It could travel 29 miles per hour, which was very fast at that time.

Lots of people were afraid of the railways and trains. They tried to stop their construction. But in 1842 people had to accept the railway. Queen Victoria, herself, travelled in a train from Slough to Padding ton. A special railway carriage was built for her in 1869.

In 1938 a train ("Mallard") was built. It travelled at 126 miles per hour, and that was world record speed for a steam train. Nowadays this train can be seen in the Museum of Transport.

 

Ex. 1 Закончите предложения.

 

1. The  Museum   of   British   Transport   is in ... .

2. In ... Shillibeer started the first   . . . in London.

3. The first bus was drawn by ... and looked like ... .

4. The first trains were used in   ...   .

5. The first passenger railway in England was  ...   .

6. Stephenson's train was called   ... .

7. Queen Victoria travelled from ... to

8. The world record speed for а steam enginе was ... . 

 

 

Ex.2   Поставьте рядом с предложением “Т”, если оно правильно и “F”,  если неправильно.

 

1. The first bus appeared in 1829.

2. The first double-decker didn’t have а roof.

3. The speed of the first train was 12 miles per hour.

4. The first trains were to carry passengers.

5. The first train was built by G. Stephenson.

6. А special carriage was built for Queen Victoria.

7. The world record speed for а steam train was 12 miles per hour.

8. In 1842 the construction of the railway from Slough to Paddington was stopped.

 

 

 

Ex. 3 Расставьте по порядку в соответствии с текстом.

 

1. “Mallard” travelled 126 miles per hоur.

2. In 1829 an Irishman started the first busservice.

3. In 1842 people had to accept the railway.

4. The first double-decker was built in 1851.

5. “The Rocket” could travel 29 miles per hour.

6. The prize for the best steam train was won by G. Stephenson.

7. In 1885 the first buses, driven by а petrol engine were used in London.

8. The first trains were drawn by horses.

9. The first railway in England was the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.

10. The first trains were used in mines and factories.

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex. 1

1. London; 2. 1829; bus-service; 3. three horses; a carriage; 4. mines and factories;

5. the Liverpool and Manchester Railway; 6. "The Rocket"; 7. Slough to Paddington; 8. 126 miles per hour.

 

Ex. 2

1. T; 2. T; 3. F; 4. F; 5. F; 6. T: 7. F: 8. F.

 

Ex. 3

2; 4; 7; 8; 10; 9; 6; 5; 3; 1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Грамматический материал

 

Длительные времена

 

Английские продолженные времена обозначают действие в процессе его развития, которое совершается, совершалось или будет совершаться в определенный момент в настоящем, прошедшем или будущем.

Continuous (Progressive> Tenses (Present Continuous, Past Continuons, Future Continuous) — времена сложные. Они образуются при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем времени (Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple) и причастия настоящего времени (Present Participle) основного глагола.

То speak—I am sреаking (Present Continuous,),

       I was sреаking (Past Continuous,),

       I shall be sреаking (Future Continuous).

Все времена группы Continuous употребляются для выражения действия, длящегося в определенный момент или период. Этот момент может:

1) подразумеваться из контекста:

What are you doing now? — Что ты делаешь сейчас?

2) указывает на время совершения действия:

What were you doing from 7 till 9 o‘clock in the evening yesterday? Что ты делал вчера с 7 до 9 вечера?

З) подчеркивается другим действием:

What were you doing when I came? — Что ты делал, когда я пришел?

What will you be doing when I come? — Что ты будешь делать, когда я приду?

4) подчеркивается наречиями, указывающими на длительность действия:          for hours, the whole day, all day long и тд.

Не was studying English the whole evening yesterday - Он учил английский весь вечер вчера.

Present и Past Continuous передают также постоянно повторяющиеся действия и употребляются в сочетании с наречиями always, continually, constantly:

Good athletes are constanty trying to impove their sporting skill. Хорошие спортсмены постоянно пытаются ycoвepшeнcт-вовать свое спортивное мастерство.

She was always talking at the lessons last term. — В прошлом семecтpe она все время болтала на уроках.

Глаголы некоторых лексических групп, как правило не употребляются во временах группы Continuous. Сюда относятся:

а) глаголы чувственного восприятия — to see, to heat; to feel, to smell, to notice;

б) глаголы умственной деятельности — to know, to understand, to forget, to bеliеvе, to think;

в) глаголы желания — to want, to wish, to desire;

г) глаголы, выражающие чувства — to love, to like, to hate, to care;

д) глаголы со значением “выглядеть, казаться” — to seem, to appear; to look, to resemble.

 

Однако глаголы первой и второй групп могут иногда выступать в форме Continuous для передачи актуального действия. Например:

How are you feeling today? — Как вы себя чувствуете сегодня?

I сап‘t say what she is seeing. -~ Я не могу сказать, что она видuт.

В вопросительной форме Present и Past Continuous вспомогательный глагол to be в нужной форме стоит перед подлежащим, а основной глагол после подлежащего:

Are you speaking English now?

Were you speaking English whem I came?

Отрицательная форма Present и Past Continuous образуется при помощи отрицательной частицы not, которая ставится между вспомогательным и основным глаголом:

I was not speaking English when you came.

В вопросительной форме Future Continuous вспомогательные глаголы shall и will ставятся перед подлежащим, а остальная часть временной формы (основа инфинитива be + Present Participle) ставятся после подлежащего:

Will you be speaking English at the lesson?

В отрицательной форме частица not ставится после вспомогательного глагола shall, will:

I shall not (shan¢ t) bespeaking English at the lesson.

 

 

Формы глагола в Present Continuous

 

Число

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная форма

Отрицательная форма

Ед.

I am reading.

You are reading.

He (she, it) is

reading.

Am I reading?

Are you reading?

Is he (she, it)

reading?

I am not reading

You are not reading

He (she, it) is not

reading

Мн.

We (you, they) are

reading

Are we (you, they)

reading?

We (you, they) are not reading

 

 

 

Формы глагола в Past Continuous

 

Число

Утвердительная

форма

Вопросительная

форма

Отрицательная

форма

Ед.

I (he, she, it)

was reading.

You were reading.

Was I (he, she, it)

reading?

Were you reading?

I (he, she, it)

was not reading.

You were not

reading.

Мн.

We (you, they)

were reading.

Were we (you, they)

reading?

We (you, they)

were not reading.

 

 

Формы глагола в Future Continuous

 

Число

Утвердительная

Форма

Вопросительная

Форма

Отрицательная

Форма

Ед.

I shall be reading.

You (he, she, it)

will be reading.

Shall I be reading?

Will you (he, she, it) be reading?

I shall not be

reading.

You (he, she, it) will not be reading.

Мн.

We shall be reading.

You (they) will be

reading.

Shall we be reading?

Will you (they) be

reading?

We shall not be

reading.

You (they) will not be reading.

 

 

Perfect Continuous Tenses

(Перфектно-длительные времена)

 

Регfесt Continuous Tenses (Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous и Future Perfect Continuous)—времена сложные. Они образуются при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем перфектном времени (настоящем, прошедшем или будущем) и причастия настоящего времени (Present Participle) основного глагола.

Perfect Continuous Tenses обозначают действия, начавшиеся до момента речи (Present Perfect Continuous Tense) или до какого-либо момента в прошедшем или будущем (Past Perfect Continuous Tense и Future Perfect Continubus Tense) и продолжающиеся вплоть до этого момента.

 

 

 

 

Present Perfect Continuous

Have you been waiting long for mе?

(Ты долго меня ждешь?)

 

Past Perfect Continuous

When you came I had already been working for аn hour.

(Когда ты пришел, я уже работал в течение часа.)

Не said he had been waiting for me (for) twenty

minutes.

(Он сказал, что ждет (ждал) меня двадцать минут.)

 

Future Perfect Continuous

Bу Sunday I’ll have been staying with you for two weeks.

(В воскресенье будет две недели, как я живу у вас.)

Perfect Continuous Tenses употребляются редко.

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

(Настоящее перфектно-длительное время)

 

Образование Present Perfect Continuous

 

Рrеsеnt Perfect Continuous образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в Present Perfect и причастия настоящего времени (Present Participle) основного глагола.

 

Утвердительная форма

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

2

3

I have (I’ve) been asking.

You have (you’ve) been asking.

Не (she) has (he’s) been

asking.

We have (we’ve) been asking.

You have (you’ve) been asking. They have (they’ve) been asking.

 

Вопросительная форма Present Perfect Continuous образуется путем постановки первого вспомогательного глагола перед подлежащим, а остальной части временной формы — после подлежащего, а отрицательная — при  помощи частицы not, которая ставится после первого вспомогательного глагола.

 

 

 

 

Вопросительная форма

 

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

2

3

Have I been asking?

Have you been asking?

Has he (she) been  asking?

Have we been asking?

Have you been asking?

Have they been asking?

 

Отрицательная форма

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

 

2

 

3

I have not (haven’t)  been asking.

You have not (haven’t) been asking.

Не (she) has not (hasn’t) been asking.

We have not (haven’t) been asking.

You have not (haven’t)      been asking.

They have not (hаvеn’t) been asking.

 

 

Значение и употребление

Present Perfect Continuous

 

Present Perfect Continuous обозначает действие или состояние, которое началось в прошедшем и продолжалось в течение определенного периода до момента речи и либо все еще продолжается в этот момент, либо закончилось непосредственно перед ним.

 

I’ve been waiting for him (for) two hours.

Я жду его уже 2 часа. (Начал ждать 2 часа тому назад и жду до сих пор или ждал до самого последнего момента.)

 

Сравните: I аm waiting for mу friend. (Present Continuous)

Я жду своего друга. (в данный момент; о длительности ожидания ничего не говорится)

В предложениях с Present Perfect Continuous обычно употребляются обстоятельства времени, указывающие на длительность или на момент начала действия или состояния, обозначаемого глаголом. Длительность действия указывается обстоятельствами типа for two hours (а week, three months, ten years), for а long time, all day, all day long, how long, а начало действия — оборотами с предлогом since (since 1950, since eight o’clock, since 1 came here).

Типичны следующие примеры из разговорной речи:

 

How long have you been studying English?

I’ve been studying English for two years already.

 

How long have you been living here?

We’ve been living here for а year only.

 

I’m tired, I’ve been working in the garden all day long.

I’ve been living in Moscow since 1955.

It’s been raining since early morning.

 

What have you been doing since 1 saw you last?

 Why, nothing in particular.

 

Present Perfect Continuous может употребляться и без указания длительности действия, если из контекста ясно, что действие началось в прошлом и продолжалось (или продолжается) до настоящего времени.

 

Please exсusе mу dirty clothes, I’ve been tidying the room. (Я убирала комнату.)

 

Why are you so hot?

I’ve been playing football. (Я играл в футбол.)

 

What have you been doing here?

I’ve been trying to repair the clock.

 

С глаголами, которые не образуют форм Continuous, в значении Present Perfect Continuous употребляются формы Present Perfect.

 

How long have you been here?

 

I’ve been here since 2 o’clock.

 

I’ve known Jack for five years.

(Я знаю Джека пять лет.)

 

Present Perfect Continuous переводится на русский язык настоящим или прошедшим временем.

 

 

 

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

(Прошедшее перфектно-длительное время)

 

Образование Past Perfect Continuous

 

Раst Perfect Continuous образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be  в  Past Perfect и причастия настоящего времеии (Present Раrtiсiрlе) основного глагола.

 

Утвердительная форма

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

2

3

I had been asking.

You had been asking.

Не (she) had been asking.

We had been asking.

You had been asking.

They had been asking.

 

Вопросительная форма Past Perfect Continuous образуется путем постановки первого вспомогательного глагола перед подлежащим, а остальной части временной формы — после подлежащего, а отрицательная — при помощи частицы not, которая ставится после первого вспомогательного глагола.

 

Вопросительная форма

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

2

3

Had I been asking?

Had you been asking?

Had he (she) been asking?

Had we been asking?

Had you been asking?

Had they been asking?

 

 

Отрицательная форма

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

 

2

 

3

I had not (hadn’t) been asking been asking.

You had not (hadn’t) been asking.

Не (she) had not (hadn’t) been asking.

We had not (hadn’t) been asking.

 

You had not (hadn’t) been asking.

They had not (hadn’t) been asking.

 

 

 

 

Значение и употребление

Past Perfect Continuous

 

Past Perfect Continuous обозначает длительное действие, которое началось до какого-то момента прошедшего времени и продолжалось вплоть до этого момента.

Это время малоупотребительно. Типичными являются следующие примеры:

I was very tired when I went to bed for I had been working hard all day.

The news didn’t surprise mе for I’d been expecting it for some time past.

 

Future Perfect Contiiuious Tense

(Будущее перфектно-длительное время)

 

Образование Future Perfect Continuous

 

Future Perfect Continuous образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в Future Perfect Tense и причастия настоящего времени (Present Participle) основного глагола.

 

Утвердительная форма

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

2

3

I shall/will have been asking.

You will have been asking.

Не (she) will have been asking.

We shall/will have been  asking.

You will have been asking.

They will have been asking.             

 

Вопросительная форма Future Perfect Соntinuous образуется путем постановки первого вспомогательного глагола shall или will перед подлежащим, а остальной части временной формы—после подлежащего.

 

Вопросительная форма

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

2

3

Shall 1 have been asking?

Will you have been asking?

Will he (she) have asking?

 

Shall we have been asking?

Will you have bеen asking?

Will they have been been asking?

 

Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи отрицательной частицы not, которая ставится после первого вспомогательного глагола.

 

 

Отрицательная форма

 

Лицо

Единственное число

Множественное число

1

 

2

3

I shall/will not have been asking.

 

You will not have been asking.

Не (she) will not have been asking.

We shall/will not have been asking.

You will not have been asking.

They will not have been asking.

 

 

 

Значение и употребление

Future Perfect Continuous

 

Future Perfect Continuous обозначает длящееся действие в будущем, которое начнется до какого-либо момента или периода будущего времени и будет продолжаться вплоть до этого момента (периода). Эта форма глагола встречается очень редко.

 

Ву next year we shall have been living in this town for five years.

When Ann gets her diploma she will have been studying at the Institute for five years.

 

Грамматические задания

 

Для закрепления изученного материала выполните следующие упражнения.

 

Ex.1 Прочитайте предложения, заменяя местоимение I местоимениями you, he, she, we, they, внося другие нужные изменения (пользуясь таблицей):

 

a) I am sitting at a concert. I am listening to music. I am talking about the music piece. I am looking at the conductor. I am holding a programme of the concert in my hands. I am trying to concentrate on the music.

b) I was standing at the corner of the street. I was waiting for my friends. I was not looking at anybody. I was reading the newspaper.

c) I shall be waiting for you at 6 o’clock tomorrow evening. I shall be cooking supper for forty minutes. I shall be having supper when you come.

 

 

 

 

Ex.2 Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную формы. (Пользуясь таблицами)

 

1. The sun is shining brightly today.

2. Run downstairs. Your friend is waiting for you.

3. They are listening to the lecture now.

4. We were having dinner when she came to us.

5. Our friends were smoking in the corridor when we saw them.

6. She was waiting for him at 8 o’clock.

7. They will be watching T.V. in the evening.

8. I shall be teaching at school at half past eight in the morning.

9. He will be staying with his parents the whole summer.

10. They will be working at 9 o’clock tomorrow morning.

11. The students were working at the language laboratory all the evening yesterday

12. The students are taking their examinations now.

 

Ex.3 а) В данных предложениях выделите указание на момент, в котором происходит действие и переведите предложения.

 

1. The teacher is explaining new rules to the students now.

2.  What are you doing at the moment? - I am listening to the lecturer.

3.  Why are you walking so fast today? You usually walk slowly, don’t you?

4. My trainer is waiting for me. He is angry with me when I am late!

5. I was walking to the training when I met him. He was waiting for them at the bus - stop at 5.

6. I came home late. Father and mother were not sleeping at that time. They were waiting for me.

 

TEST

 

1.  George ... dinner when his friend called.

                a) ate                                      b) was eating

2.  While Mary was cleaning the flat, her husband ... .

                a) slept                   b) was sleeping

3.  At three o’clock this morning, Martha ... .

                a) studied                              b) was studying

4.When Mark arrived, the Johnsons ... dinner, but they stopped in order to talk to him.

a) had                                    b)were having

5. John ... to France last year.

a) went                   b) was going

6. When the teacher ... the room, the students were talking.

a) entered                              b) was entering

7. While Jane was writing the report, Henry ... for more information.

a) looked                               b) was looking

8. At one time, Mr Roberts ... this house.

a) owned                               b) was owning

9. Bob ... a letter to his family when his pencil broke.

a) wrote                 b) was writing

10. He ... quietly when the ambulance arrived.

a) groaned                             b) was groaning

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex.1

a) He is sitting. She is sitting. We are sitting. They are sitting. etc.

b) He was standing. We were standing. They were standing. etc.

c) He will be waiting. We shall be waiting. They will be waiting. etc.

 

Ex.2

На первое место во всех предложениях поставить is, are, и т.д.

 

Ex.3

a) 1. Учитель сейчас объясняет новые правила студентам.

2. Что ты сейчас делаешь? – Я слушаю лектора.

3. Почему ты идешь сегодня так быстро? – Обычно ты ходишь медленно, не так ли?

4. Меня ждет мой тренер. Он сердится когда я опаздываю.

5. Я шла на тренировку когда встретила его. Он ждал их на остановке автобуса в 5 часов.

6. Я пришел домой поздно. Папа и мама не спали. Они ждали меня.

 

Test

1. b;2. b; 3. b; 4.b;5.a;6.a;7.b;8.a;9.b;10.b.

 

Страдательный залог

 

Английский глагол имеет 2 залога: действительный (the Active Voice) и страдательный залог (the Passive Voice).

Глагол в действительном залоге обозначает действие, производимое подлежащим.

 

Ann grows roses. — Аня выращивает розы.

 

Страдательный залог показывает, что подлежащее не выполняет действия, а подвергается действию другого лица или предмета.

Если указано, кем произведено действие, то употребляется предлог by, а если указано, чем произведено действие,- предлог with.

 

Roses are grown by Ann.

Rice is eaten with chopsticks in China.

 

Времена страдательного залога образуются при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем времени действительного залога и Причастия II смыслового глагола.

В страдательном залоге в отличие от действительного имеется не четыре, а три группы времени: Indefinite, Continuous и Perfect.

Формы, соответствующей Future Continuous в действительном залоге, в страдательном залоге не существует. Вместо нее употребяется Future Indefinite Passive или Future Continuous Active.

 

The plan will be discussed at 10 o’clock. They will be discussing

the рlап аt 10 o’clock. - План будет обсуждаться в 10 часов.

 

Видовременные формы английского глагола

в пассивном залоге

 

 

Passive

 

Indefinite

Continuous

Perfect

Perfect Cont.

ENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSPresent

ENG3_POSспрашивают

обычно, всегда каждый день

am

is           asked

are

Спрашивают

Сейчас

все еще

am       being

is         asked

are

Спросили

Уже

(результат)

have     been

has       asked

Вместо отсутст-вующих

Форм

Perfect Contunious употреб-

ляются формы

Perfect

Passive или Perfect Continious Active

 

ENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSENG3_POSPast

Спросили

Был спрошен

Вчера, когда-то

в прошлом

was        asked

were

Спрашивали когда я приехал

 

 

was        being

were        asked

Спросили

Был спрошен

(к тому моменту, уже)

had been

asked

Future

Спросят

Будет спрошен завтра

Will (shall)

be asked

 

вместо отсутст-вующей формы употребляется Future Indefinite Passive или Future Continuous Active

 

Спросят

будет спрошен (к тому моменту)

will have

been asked

be V3

be being V3

Have been V3

 

Формы Perfect Continuous Active не имеют соответствующих форм страдательного залога. В том случае, когда по смыслу глагол в страдательном залоге должен быть употреблен в форме Perfect Continuous, употребляется либо форма Perfect Passive, либо форма Perfect Continuous Active.

The plan has been discussed for ап hour now. They have been discussing the plan for an hour now.  План обсуждается ужев течение часа.

Формы действительного залога имеют все глаголы английского языка. Формы страдательного залога имеют в основном глаголы переходные (Transitive verbs), которые принимают дополнение прямое, косвенное или предложенное (to do, to have, to give, to take). Глаголы непереходные (Intransitive verbs) - это глаголы, не принимающие дополнения и обозначающее действие, которое характеризует подлежащее, но не направлено на какой-либо объект.

I live in Russia.

I аm а teacher.

Один и тот же глагол в английском языке может быть переходным или непереходным в зависимости от своего значения.

Corn grows veryfast (непереходное значение, действительный залог).

Many plants are grown in our garden (переходное, страдательный залог).

Страдательный залог в английском языке употребляется значительно чаще, чем в русском, где тот же смысл обычно передается в неопределенно-личных, безличных или личных предложениях с глаголом в действительном залоге.

I was told about it yesterday. — Мне сказали об этом вчера

(неопределенно-личное предложение).

The roof of the house was torn off by the storT. — Крышу дома

сорвало бурей (безличное предложение).

She is laughed at by everybody — Все смеются над ней (личное

предложение).

В страдательном залоге указанные ниже глаголы сохраняют после себя определенные предлоги: to laugh at, to look for to speak of, to speak to, to think of, to look after, to send for, to remain of, to ask for, to operate on, listen to, to turn to smb for smth, to object to.

 

 

 

 

 

Грамматические задания

 

Для закрепления изученного материала выполните следующие упражнения.

 

Ex.1  Какой аспект и время Вы выберете для того, чтобы перевести

эти предложения на английский язык?

 

1. Студента экзаменуют. Не входите в комнату

2. Студентов экзаменуют два раза в год.

3. Статью напечатали вчера.

4. Статью уже напечатали.

5. Статью напечатали вчера к 7 часам.

6. Статью печатали вчера в это время.

7. Письмо отошлют завтра.

8. Письмо отошлют завтра к 7 часам.

9. Письма посылали, когда я пришел.

10. Письма посылают ежедневно.

 

Ex.2 К какому времени и аспекту относятся следующие глагольные формы?

Passive

 

 

Indefinite

Continuous

Perfect

Perfect Cont.

Present

Past

Future

 

 

 

 

 

1) is being explained                           6)will have been explained 2) is explained                                     7) will be explained 3) was explained                                                8) has been explained 4) was being explained                               9) have been explained 5) had been explained                                10) were being explained

 

Ex.3 a) Переведите предложения.

 

1. Dinner is being cooked. Wait а little.

2. I’m afrаid we’re being waited for.

3. The letters are sent every week.

4. The film will be shown from five till seven.

5. The artiсlе was translated with а diсtiоnaгу.

6. All thе studеnts of our group had been asked by the examiner by 3 o’clock.

7. My friend was being asked by the teacher when I entered the classroom.

 

Тest

 

1. The day before уеstегdaу we ... to the restaurant by Том Jenkins.

а) are invited        b) were invited      с) invite 

2. Look! The bridge … .

a) is being repaired                              b) is been rераiгеd                               с) has being repared

3. Тhе letter and the parcel ... tomorrow.

а) will be post       b) will have been posted     c) will be posted

4. Margaret ... to be а vеrу industгiоus person.

а) has been known              b) is known                           с) is been known

5. In Greece the Olympic Games ... once in four years.

a) were held                          b) are being held                  с) are held

6.The problem ... for three years, but they haven’t got any results.

a) has been studied             b) has being studied            с) was studied

7. This book ... герub1ished by the end of September.

a) would bee         b) will have been                  с) will been

8. The doctor said that Tommy’s leg ... X-rayed the following day.

а) will be                b) would be                           с) will have been

9. А police car came when the injured man ... off the road.

a) was being carried  b) was been carrying   c) has been carried

10. I … in а small Russian town not far from Samara.

a) was born           .               b) аm born

11. Dad phoned us and asked if our luggage ... packed.

а) was already being   b) hаd already been  c)wav already

13. What а pity, Jolm won’t come. Не ... told about the meeting beforehand.

a) should have been.     b) should be        с) should been

 

Проверь себя!

 

Ex.1

1. The student is being examined. Don’t come year into the room.

2. The student are examined two times a year.

3. The article was published  yesterday.

4. The article has been already published.

5. The article had been published yesterday by 7 o’clock.

6. The article was being published at this time yesterday.

7. The letter will be sent tomorrow.

8. The letter will have been sent tomorrow by 7 o’clock.

9. The letters were being sent, when I came.

10.The letters are sent every day.

 

Ex.2

 

Indefinite

Continuous

Perfect

Perfect Cont.

Present

Past

Future

2

3

7

1

4,10

8,9

5

 

 

 

6

 

 

Ex.3

а) 1. Обед готовится. Подожди не много.

2. Я боюсь, что нас ждали.

3. Письма отсылают каждую неделю.

4. Фильм будут показывать с 5 до 7.

5. Статью перевели с помощью словаря.

6. К 3 часам экзаменатор опросил всех студентов нашей группы.

7. Учитель спрашивал моего друга когда я вошел в аудиторию.

 

Test

 

1. b; 2. a; 3. c; 4. b; 5. a; 6. a; 7. b;8. b;9. a;10. a;11. b;12. a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ ПО ИЗУЧЕНИЮ КУРСА

«Английский язык»

 

Цель обучения:

 

Формирование практического владения иностранным языком как вторичным средством письменного и устного общения в сфере профессиональной деятельности.

 

Задачи обучения (базовый курс):

 

Унифицировать полученные в школе умения и навыки чтения; сформировать готовность читать тексты (с учетом профиля педуниверситета) с целью извлечения нужной информации, передачи содержания и подготовки собственного сообщения по изученной тематике.

1. Повторить и активизировать школьный минимум по грамматике на новом текстовом материале; расширить минимальный объем сведений о грамматических структурах текста.

2. Осуществлять изучение лексического материала текстов, отражающих тематику, связанную с учебно-производственной, профессионально-ориентированной, общественно-политической, психо-лого-педагогической, страноведческой и бытовой сферами деятельности человека.

3. Использовать письмо в качестве вспомогательного средства для выполнения учебных заданий.

   

Курс изучения иностранного языка в объеме 320 часов  рассчитан на          4 семестра обучения. В конце каждого семестра студент должен выполнить письменно по одному варианту из двух контрольных работ и прислать в центр по дистанционному обучению для проверки.

По результатам  выполнения контрольных работ выставляется зачет. Экзамен  засчитывается по результатам выполнения банка вопросов (100 заданий).

 

Настоящее методическое указание состоит из 4-х частей:

1часть - задания для 1 семестра.

Для зачета выполняется  контрольная работа №1 (один из 5 вариантов), контрольная работа  №2 (один из 5 вариантов).

Банк вопросов состоит из 10 разделов по 10 заданий (100 заданий). На экзамене необходимо выполнить 20 заданий (по 2 задания из каждого раздела). 

 

 

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